Last update on February 8, 2023 // Source: Amazon API
Rifle Scope Product Details
Sniper ZY 4-14×44 FFP First Focal Plane (FFP) Rifle Scope 30mm Tube with MOA Reticle
ZY4-14×44 FFP Scope and Scope Rings
High Quality Rubber Lens Caps
Cleaning Cloth and Allen Keys
Lifetime Warranty from Texas Precision Optics Inc
TUBE SIZE: 30
EYE RELIEF: 4.2~4
EXIT PUPIL/MM: 11~3.1
FIELD OF VIEW@100YARDS: 31.3~7.83
CLICK IN@100YARDS: 1/4 MOA
ADJUSTMENT RANGE: 25
PARALLAX SETTING: 10 yd.- infinity
OPTICS COATING: Fully-multi coat
Fog PROOF: Yes
Shock PROOF: Yes
Water PROOF: Yes
Diopter compensation from fast-focus eyepiece (+2 to -2)
Rifle Scope Product Features
Glass-etched/First focal plane(FFP) reticle
Build on a very durable 30mm aircraft-grade one-piece tube construction
Hunting rifle scope providing crystal clear targeting at 4-14x magnification, with a 44mm objective diameter and an eye relief of 4.2-4 Inches
Capped reset turrets are finger adjustable with 1/4 MOA clicks that can be reset to zero after sighting in.
Parallax Adjustment: Side Parallax Adjustment 10 yd.- infinity
About the Sniper Company
Sniper is a premium maker for weapon scopes, optics, mounting solutions, and other accessories used for firearms like rifles and long guns. They create and make their scopes and related products by choosing materials which are long lasting and resilient. This includes the Sniper ZY 4-14×44 FFP First Focal Plane (FFP) Rifle Scope 30mm Tube with MOA Reticle by Sniper. For more shooting goods, visit their website.
Facts About Scopes
Rifle scopes enable you to precisely aim a rifle at various targets by lining up your eye with the target over a distance. They do this through magnifying the target by employing a series of lenses within the scope. The scope’s alignment can be adjusted for consideration of separate natural considerations like wind and elevation increases to account for bullet drop.
The scope’s function is to help the shooter understand precisely where the bullet will hit based upon the sight picture you are viewing using the scope as you line up the scope’s crosshair or reticle with the intended point of impact. Most modern-day rifle scopes and optics have about eleven parts which are arranged internally and on the exterior of the scope. These parts consist of the rifle scope’s body, lenses, modification turrets or dials, focus rings, and other elements. See all eleven parts of an optic.
Rifle Scope Styles
Rifle scopes can be either “first focal plane” or “second focal plane” type of scopes. The kind of focal plane an optic has decides where the reticle or crosshair is located relative to the optic’s magnifying adjustments. It literally means the reticle is situated behind or in front of the magnifying lens of the optic. Looking for the most reliable style of rifle optic is dependent on what sort of hunting or shooting you intend on doing.
First Focal Plane Scopes
Focal plane scopes (FFP) feature the reticle in front of the zoom lens. These types of scopes are helpful for:
- Quick acquisition, long distance types of shooting
- Shooting circumstances where computations are small
- Experienced shooters who understand their target “hold over” and “lead” relationships for their long gun
- Shooters who don’t mind the reticle is enlarged and requires more visual eyesight room than a SFP reticle
Second Focal Plane Scope Info
Second focal plane scopes (SFP) come with the reticle behind the magnification lens. In the FFP example with the SFP scope, the 5x “zoom” 100 yard tick would be 1/5th of the non “zoom” tick.
- Long distance forms of shooting where shooters have additional time to make ballistic estimations
- Shooting where most shots take place within much shorter distances and ranges
- Shooters who desire a clearer optic picture with less area taken up by the larger sized FFP reticle
Zoom for Optics
The amount of scope zoom you require depends upon the kind of shooting you desire to do. Just about every type of rifle glass delivers some level of magnification. The level of zoom a scope offers is identified by the size, density, and curvatures of the lens glass within the rifle scope. The magnification of the scope is the “power” of the opic. This suggests what the shooter is observing through the scope is magnified times the power element of what can normally be seen by human eyes.
Info About Fixed Power Lens Rifle Optics
A single power rifle optic uses a zoom number designator like 4×32. This means the magnification power of the scope is 4x power and the objective lens is 32mm. The magnification of this kind of optic can not adjust because it is a set power scope.
Variable Power Lens Optic Details
Variable power rifle scopes have adjustable power. These types of scopes will note the zoom level in a configuration like 2-10×32. These numbers suggest the magnification of the scope could be adjusted in between 2x and 10x power. This always involves the power levels in-between 2 and 10. The power modification is accomplished by employing the power ring part of the scope near the back of the scope by the eye bell.
Power Levels and Range
Here are some advised scope power levels and the distances where they could be successfully used. High power scopes will not be as useful as lower powered scopes considering too much magnification can be a bad thing. The very same idea relates to extended ranges where the shooter needs enough power to see where to properly aim the rifle at the target.
About Rifle Glass Lens Coating
All top of the line rifle optic and scope lenses are coated. Lens coating is an important element of a rifle system when buying high end rifle optics and scope equipment.
About Rifle Glass Lens Coatings – HD Versus ED
Some rifle glass producers also use “HD” or high-def lense coatings that take advantage of various procedures, polarizations, elements, and chemicals to extract numerous color ranges and viewable target definition through lenses. This high-definition covering is commonly used with greater density lens glass which drops light’s capability to refract through the lens glass. Some scope manufacturers use “HD” to refer to “ED” meaning extra-low dispersion glass. ED deals with how colors are presented on the chromatic spectrum and the chromatic aberration which is also called color distortion or fringing. Chromatic aberration is often visible around things with hard edges and outlines as light hits the item from certain angles.
Single Glass Lens Coating Versus Multi-Coating
Different optic lenses can also have different finishings used to them. All lenses typically have at least some type of treatment or finishing applied to them prior to being used in a rifle scope or optic.
This lens treatment can safeguard the lens from scratches while reducing glare and other less advantageous things experienced in the shooting environment while sighting in with the scope. The quality of a single layered lens depends on the scope maker and how much you paid for it.
Some scope makers also make it a point to specify if their optic lenses are coated or “multi” coated. Being “much better” depends on the producer’s lens treatment innovation and the quality of products used in developing the rifle scope.
Hydrophobic Lens Finish
Water on an optical lens doesn’t improve preserving a clear sight picture through an optic whatsoever. Many top of the line or high-end scope makers will coat their lenses with a hydrophobic or hydrophilic covering. The Steiner Optics Nano-Protection is a good example of this sort of treatment. It provides protection for the exterior surfaces of the Steiner glass lens so the water particles can not bind to it or produce surface tension. The result is that the water beads sheet off of the scope to preserve a clear, water free sight picture.
Choices for Installing Optics on Long Guns
Mounting options for scopes can be found in a few choices. There are the standard scope rings which are individually installed to the optic and one-piece scope mounts which cradle the scope. These various types of mounts also usually come in quick release versions which use manual levers which enable rifle shooters to quickly mount and remove the glass.
Hex Key Rifle Optic Ring Mounting Solutions
Basic, clamp style mounting scope rings use hex head screws to install to the flattop style Picatinny scope mounting rails on the tops of rifles. These kinds of scope mounts use two detached rings to support the optic, and are normally constructed from 7075 T6 billet aluminum which are manufactured for long distance precision shooting. This form of scope mount is excellent for rifles which require a resilient, rock solid mount which will not shift regardless of just how much the scope is moved or jarring the rifle takes. These are the design of mounts you want for a dedicated optics system on a long distance hunting or tournament firearm which will rarely need to be altered or adjusted. Blue 242 Loctite threadlocker can also be used on the screws to protect against the hex screw threads from wiggling out after they are mounted tightly in place. An example of these mounting rings are the 30mm style made by the Vortex Optics company. The set typically costs around $200 USD
Rifle Glass Mounts with Quick-Release Cantilever Rings
These types of quick-release rifle scope mounts can be used to rapidly attach and detach a scope from a rifle. If they all use a similar style mount, several scopes can also be swapped in the field. The quick detach design is CNC machined from anodized 6061 T6 aluminum and the mounting levers connect solidly to a flat top type Picatinny rail. This allows the scope to be sighted in while on the rifle, taken off of the rifle, and remounted back on the rifle while preserving precision. These kinds of mounts are useful and convenient for shooting platforms which are carried a lot, to take off the optic from the rifle for protection, or for scopes which are employed between numerous rifles. An example of this mount style is the 30mm mount designed by Vortex Optics. It usually costs around $250 USD
Sealing and Gas Purging for Rifle Scope Tubes
Wetness inside your rifle scope can wreck a day of shooting and your expensive optic by resulting in fogging and making residue inside of the scope’s tube. Many scopes prevent wetness from entering the optical tube with a series of sealing O-rings which are water resistant. Usually, these water resistant scopes can be submerged under 20 or 30 feet of water before the water pressure can push moisture past the O-rings. This should be sufficient wetness avoidance for common use rifles for hunting and sporting purposes, unless you intend on taking your rifle sailing and are concerned about the scope still performing if it goes over the side and you can still salvage the rifle.
Optic Gas Purging
Another element of preventing the accumulation of moisture within the rifle scope’s tube is filling the tube with a gas like nitrogen. Considering that this space is already taken up by the gas, the glass is less influenced by climate shifts and pressure differences from the outdoor environment which could possibly enable water vapor to seep in around the seals to fill the void which would otherwise be there. These are good qualities of a good rifle scope to look for.