Last update on February 3, 2023 // Source: Amazon API
Rifle Scope Product Details
Sniper ZT 4.5-18X44 FFP Rifle Scope 30mm Tube Glass Etched Reticle Red Green Illuminated Includes Scope Rings
ZT 4.5-18X44 FFP
Rifle Scope Product Features
Great for medium to long distance
Etched Reticle Red Green Illuminated reticle
Fully sealed and nitrogen purged. Shockproof, waterproof and fog-proof
1pc 6061-T6 construction. Tested to .308
Package includes Scope, Scope rings (Picatinny), Flip-up caps, Sunshade, Instructions, Batteries & Lens Cloth
About the Sniper Brand
Sniper is a premium supplier for long gun scopes, optics, mounts, and other add-ons used for firearms like rifles and long guns. They design and build their scopes, mounts, and related products working with materials which are resilient and long lasting. This includes the Sniper ZT 4.5-18X44 FFP Rifle Scope 30mm Tube Glass Etched Reticle Red Green Illuminated Includes Scope Rings by Sniper. For more shooting items, visit their site.
Rifle scopes permit you to specifically aim a rifle at different targets by aligning your eye with the target at range. They accomplish this through zoom by making use of a series of lenses within the scope. The scope’s alignment can be adjusted for consideration of various ecological things like wind speed and elevation decreases to account for bullet drop.
The scope’s purpose is to help the shooter understand precisely where the bullet will land based on the sight picture you are seeing using the optic as you align the scope’s crosshair or reticle with the intended target. A lot of modern-day rifle scopes have around 11 parts which are found internally and on the exterior of the optic. These optic pieces include the rifle scope’s body, lenses, windage and elevation turrets, objective focus rings, and other components. Learn about the eleven parts of scopes.
About Optic Styles
Rifle scopes can be either “first focal plane” or “second focal plane” style of scopes. The form of focal plane a scope has identifies where the reticle or crosshair is located relative to the scopes zoom. It simply implies the reticle is behind or before the magnifying lens of the scope. Picking out the very best sort of rifle optic is dependent on what kind of shooting or hunting you anticipate doing.
First Focal Plane Optics
Focal plane scopes (FFP) include the reticle in front of the zoom lens. These types of scopes are helpful for:
- Quick acquisition, long distance types of shooting
- Shooting circumstances where calculations are low
- Experienced shooters who have an idea for their target “hold over” plus “lead” correlations for their long gun
- Shooters who don’t mind the reticle is bigger and takes up more visual sight room than a SFP reticle
Second Focal Plane Optic Info
Second focal plane scopes (SFP) include the reticle behind the magnification lens. In the FFP example with the SFP scope, the 5x “zoom” 100 yard tick would be 1/5th of the non “zoom” tick measurement.
- Long distance kinds of shooting where shooters have increased time to make ballistic calculations
- Shooting where most shots take place within much shorter ranges and distances
- Shooters who choose a clearer optic picture without space used up by the enlarged FFP reticle
Rifle Optic Zoom
The quantity of scope zoom you need on your scope is based on the kind of shooting you plan to do. Practically every type of rifle glass gives some level of magnification. The volume of magnification a scope offers is established by the diameter, density, and curvatures of the lenses inside of the rifle scope. The magnifying level of the optic is the “power” of the scope. This indicates what the shooter is observing through the scope is magnified times the power aspect of what can normally be seen by human eyes.
Fixed Single Power Lens Rifle Optic Info
A single power rifle optic and scope comes with a zoom number designator like 4×32. This suggests the zoom power of the scope is 4x power while the objective lens is 32mm. The magnification of this kind of optic can not change considering that it is a fixed power scope.
Variable Power Lens Scopes
Variable power rifle scopes have adjustable power. These types of scopes will note the zoom degree in a format such as 2-10×32. These numbers suggest the zoom of the scope could be adjusted between 2x and 10x power. This also utilizes the power levels in-between 2 and 10. The power adaptation is achieved by operating the power ring part of the scope near the back of the scope by the eye bell piece.
The Power Level and Range Correlation of Rifle Optics
Here are some advised scope power levels and the ranges where they could be successfully used. Remember that high magnification scopes will not be as efficient as lower magnification level optics and scopes since increased zoom can be a negative thing in certain situations. The same applies to longer distances where the shooter needs to have enough power to see exactly where to properly aim the rifle.
Details on Rifle Glass Lens Coating
All current rifle scope lenses are coated. Lens covering is an important aspect of a shooting system when looking into high end rifle optics and scope equipment.
HD Versus ED Lens Coatings
Some rifle glass producers also use “HD” or high-definition glass finishes that employ various processes, polarizations, elements, and chemicals to enhance various colors and viewable target definition through lenses. This high-definition finish is frequently used with increased density glass which drops light’s ability to refract through the lens glass. Some scope makers use “HD” to describe “ED” indicating extra-low dispersion glass. ED handles how colors are presented on the chroma spectrum and the chromatic deviance or aberration which is also called color distortion or fringing. Chromatic aberration can be noticeable over items with defined outlines as light hits the item from various angles.
Details on Single Finishing Versus Multi-Coating
Various optic lenses can also have different coatings applied to them. All lenses typically have at least some type of treatment or coating applied to them before being used in a rifle scope or optic.
This lens treatment can protect the lens from scratches while decreasing glare and other less useful things experienced in the shooting environment while sighting in with the scope. The quality of a single coated lens depends on the scope producer and how much you paid for it.
Some scope producers similarly make it a point to specify if their optic lenses are coated or “multi” covered. Being “much better” depends on the manufacturer’s lens treatment innovation and the quality of products used in developing the rifle scope.
Hydrophobic Optic Lens Coating
Water on a lens does not help with preserving a clear sight picture through a scope at all. Lots of top of the line and military grade optic makers will coat their lenses with a hydrophilic or hydrophobic finish.
Glass Installation Alternatives
Installing options for scopes can be found in a few options. There are the standard scope rings which are individually mounted to the optic and one-piece scope mounts which cradle the scope. These different types of mounts also generally can be found in quick release variations which use throw levers which enable rifle operators to quickly install and remove the scope.
Rifle Optic Mounting Solutions with Hex Key Rings
Normal, clamp design mounting scope rings use hex head screws to mount to the flattop design Picatinny scope mount rails on rifles. These types of scope mounts use two different rings to support the optic, and are made from 7075 T6 billet aluminum which are designed for long range accuracy shooting. This type of scope mount is perfect for rifles which need a long lasting, rock solid mount which will not move no matter how much the scope is moved or abused.
Quick-Release Cantilever Rifle Glass Rings
These types of quick-release rifle scope mounts can be used to quickly connect and take off a scope from a rifle before reattaching it to a different rifle. Several scopes can also be switched out if they all use a compatible style mount. These types of mounts come in handy for long guns which are carried a lot, to remove the optic from the rifle for protection, or for scopes which are used between multiple rifles or are situationally focused.
Sealing and Gas Purging for Optic Tubes
Wetness inside your rifle scope can mess up a day of shooting and your pricey optic by causing fogging and producing residue inside of the scope tube. Most scopes avoid wetness from getting in the scope tube with a system of sealing O-rings which are water resistant.
Rifle Optic Gas Purging
Another part of preventing the accumulation of moisture within the rifle optic’s tube is filling the tube with a gas like nitrogen. Since this area is currently occupied by the gas, the scope is less impacted by temperature level changes and pressure differences from the outdoor environment which could possibly allow water vapor to seep in around the seals to fill the void which would otherwise be there. These are good qualities of a decent rifle scope to seek out.